What Are The Best Allergy Medication Options

When discussing allergies, every allergy physician wants you to know that allergies and allergic reactions do not have a permanent cure. These are immune generated responses that only happen in genetically susceptible individuals. Contrary to popular belief, as much as 30% of the adult and almost 40% of the pediatric population suffer from allergies.

Before we come down to the numerous treatment options available today to protect us from allergies, let’s start our discussion by defining allergies.

What Is an Allergy?

Allergies are defined as hypersensitive immune responses generated by our body to substances that either enter or come in contact with our bodies.

It is important to note that more often than not, these substances known as allergens in medical terms, are seemingly harmless everyday mundane things that don’t affect the rest of the population.

Common allergens to look out for include dust, strong scents such as perfumes, chemical substances, makeup and cosmetic items, animal dander, pollen and even everyday food items and drinks, to name a few.

Now that we know what allergies are, let’s discuss some of the over the counter and prescription options available to keep allergies at bay.

It is important to note that there is no cure, to date for a person suffering from allergies. A person remains allergic to the susceptible substance for a lifetime, though the severity of symptoms and quality of life improve significantly with treatment.


As the name suggests, antihistamines are available in both OTC and prescription options to treat the inflammatory responses generated by allergic reactions. They usually work by inhibiting the release of histamine from mast cells in our body that are culprits of redness, itching, swelling and subsequent inflammation. Examples include fexofenadine, loratadine and cetirizine to name a few. The most common side effect that limits its use is the resultant sedation/drowsiness, which is why it is advisable to use it before going to bed.


Decongestants work by reducing the swelling of nasal and pharyngeal mucosa, with subsequent reduction in congestion, soreness and mucus production. They are often prescribed side to side with an antihistamine. They are available in liquid drop, pill, nasal spray and eye drop form. Some over the counter options include pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine. Decongestants should be absolutely avoided in hypertensive individuals and patients suffering from glaucoma. They may also cause urinary retention and insomnias.


Also known as corticosteroids, this class of antiallergic medications works by inhibiting the immune system at the cellular level. As a result, steroids can dramatically decrease redness, swelling, pain and subsequent inflammation. Steroids can be given both locally and systemically, they are available in a wide variety of forms such as pills, sprays, ointments and systemic injectables. OTC steroids include fluticasone, budesonide and triamcinolone. Prescription systemic steroids include prednisone/deltacortril. While the steroid class of drugs Does seem to be a magical drug, it comes with its own host of dangerous side effects if taken systemically or for longer durations of time. Examples include diabetes, hypertension, fluid retention, weight gain, osteoporosis and cataracts to name a few.

Mast Cell Stabilizers

Similar to the antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers work by stabilizing the mast cells at the cellular level to prevent the release of histamine. It is used in the management of mild to moderate allergic control. Common examples available in the market include cromolyn sodium and nedocromil. Side effects include throat irritation, skin rashes when ingested in pill form and dry eyes, irritation and blurred vision when taken in the form of eye drops.

Leukotriene Modifiers

These are a group of medications recently approved by the FDA in the management of nasal allergies and asthma. They act by inhibiting the formation of leukotrienes, a chemical substance produced in the body during an allergic reaction. It is available by the generic name of Montelukast sodium. Side effects include stomach pain, heartburn, cough, sore throat and skin rash to name a few.

And there you have it, a comprehensive guide to a list of medication used to treat allergies. Using this guide, you can narrow down your options and educate yourself about the side effects and usage of a particular drug. However, never take any medication for allergies without consulting an allergist doctor Manassas.

Types Of Hair Loss Treatments

Looking good is the wish of almost every person on this Earth, but that’s not the only wish. We all know there are lists of wishes – having thick hair is also one of among them. Various hair transplant surgery  are available these days.

Hair Loss

Hair thinning or hair loss is very common in men and some women, it’s caused due to stress or disease but the most common cause of hair loss is genetic.

Alopecia (baldness) can happen in any age, or gender. Anagen, catagen, telogen and exogen, these are the four stages of hair growth, not all hair grow at the same rate, which means different hair strands can be at different stages which makes hair unlevel. Thinning hair and baldness are common in elderly because with age and time the boy gets litter nourishments make the blood vessels weaker, resulting in thinning hair or bald patches.

Treatments of Hair loss

Different type of hair loss means different types of cures. You can’t treat all kind of baldness with one treatment.

There are many treatments for hair loss, most famous and popular being hair transplantation. Hair transplant surgery is the most permanent solution for baldness or hair loss.

Hair Transplantation

Hair transplantation is very common, it is easy and effective. But to get hair transplant surgery, the baldness should have a constant pattern and should be stable; it takes three years to get the idea of the pattern and stability.

Hair transplantation is done by a surgical procedure and its irreversible, it also leaves a scar but most of the time it’s early visible. The hair transplant surgery is done under local anesthesia. The hair transplantation surgery is very affordable as it depends upon the number of grafts that the person may need, less grafts means less cost.

The best part about the procedure is that the end result is quite natural; the hair doesn’t look fake or artificial at all. This is because the follicles are taken from the patient’s own scalp, the follicles are taken from the donor area and are transplanted on the recipient area, the new hair takes time to grow, there can be a loss of some transplanted hair too, and this is called Shock loss in common words. If you have a complete valid head then this surgery isn’t for you.

There aren’t many side effects of the surgery and however litter side effects are there all are temporary. The side effects may include, itchy scalp, swelling and infection, all this can be controlled and cured by ointments and creams. The longest side effect, which was recorded six months, is the numbness of the scalp. The work isn’t done ever after the surgery, there is always the case of post surgery care like, applying saline to the grafted area as well using a mild and diluted shampoo and taking care of the swelling by prescribed medication, to get the hair and patient back to normal and natural routine.

Other than hair transplant surgery, the options to cure of hair loss are:

Hair Solution

Recently a solution by the name of Rogaine has been in news as the cure for baldness. However, for all the people who have used it, only 14 percent got positive result. It’s used by rubbing it directly on the affected area.


When it comes to medication pills, the top of the list is Prophecies, that can cure Alopecia, but it’s given under strict prescription. The medication is very effective a successful only if the intake is constant, discontinuing will stop the progress altogether. Other less effective medication is dutasteride, for men and oral contraceptives and spironolactone for women. The common side effect of these medicines is placid irritation of the scalp, dryness and hair growth on other parts of the body such as hands and face.


Liquid corticosteroids can be injected into the scalp over a number of times to stop and encourage hair growth but it has premature baldness as side effect which make the treatment unpopular and less appealing.

Laser Treatment

A recent study has shown that laser treatment can also be an effective way to cure baldness, but the studies are very limited on this subject to determine any long-term and reliable results.

Conclusively, to frankly tell someone only one way to treat hair loss, it would surely be hair transplantation Chevy Chase MD.

Difference Between Sleep Apnea And Insomnia

We do a lot for our physical and mental health, like exercising, yoga and eating healthy. Among all this we ignore the most important thing that our body requires to stay healthy; Sleep. Sleeping a good 8 hours is a must for the body as per Insomnia clinic, but we are so ignorant of the negative effects less sleep can have on us that we don’t even think about it.

Because of your unhealthy sleep pattern there have been reports of sleeping disorders getting so common that as many as 18 million people were diagnosed with sleeping disorders especially sleep apnea. There are over 70 known sleep disorders according to insomnia doctors:

The most common of these are:

  • Sleep apnea
  • Insomnia
  • REM
  • Narcolepsy
  • Restless leg syndrome

If they are all sleep disorders than what makes them different then each other. How is sleep apnea different than insomnia?


Insomnia is when you can’t fall asleep, or maintain that sleep for good long hours. There are two types of insomnia i.e.

  1. Transient insomnia (this doesn’t last for long, it happens for a short period of time and its commonly known as occasional insomnia)
  2. Chronic insomnia (this is the serious type, it occurs almost every night, it’s very persistent, stays for as long as a month or more.)

Why is it that even after a long tiring day the body can’t get enough sleep, what keeps it awake? What is the cause of insomnia?  Well to name a few causes of occasional insomnia:

  • Stress (day to day worries, hyper active thinking, over thinking and such)
  • Workaholic attitude.
  • Hormonal fluctuation that happens when the body is going through ovulation or menopause.
  • Dieting
  • Pregnancy (as it comes with nausea, cramps, heart burns, acid reflexes etc.)
  • Depression
  • Hectic and demanding lifestyle

When it comes to chronic insomnia the cause may vary from the occasional insomnia. For example:

  • Medical conditions
  • emotional trauma
  • psychological issues
  • long period of stressful events. Or chronic depression
  • Working in rotating shifts
  • Medicines and drugs
  • restless legs syndrome or sleep apnea or other sleep disorders

According to insomnia clinics, half of the American population suffers from occasional insomnia whereas quarter suffers from chronic Insomnia. Insomnia doesn’t cause sleep disorders but almost all sleep disorders can cause insomnia. To treat insomnia, it has to be diagnosed first. So, if your suspect that you are suffering from any of the two types of insomnia you should visit insomnia clinics and get yourself tested.

The major difference between sleep apnea and insomnia, explained by insomnia clinics, is that sleep apnea can cause insomnia.

How Is Sleep Apnea Different from Insomnia?

Sleep apnea is different than insomnia because it’s much more serious, and graver than insomnia. Sleep apnea is most commonly diagnosed among other sleep disorders. Unlike insomnia, sleep apnea is more accepted and can be easily tested by insomnia doctors. When the closing at the back of your throat gets constrained, the airway blocks hence the oxygen doesn’t reach the brain. It’s an on-going war between sleeping and breathing. This blockage can be due to many reasons such as, facial features, tongue rolling and tissue collapsing. This type is called obstructive sleep apnea. The other type; central sleep apnea occurs when the brain doesn’t signal the body to breathe. Hence you wake up gasping for air.

They symptoms for both types are over lapping. Such as:

  • You don’t get much sleep
  • Day time tiredness and fatigue
  • Headaches or migraines
  • They also have the same consequences on the body. Such as
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Depression
  • Diabetes

Sleep apnea can be diagnosed, by insomnia doctors germantown, with the help of in-lab sleep study or a home sleep apnea test. After it’s been diagnosed by proper means, it can be managed easily with therapy, surgery or CPAP (sleeping with a mask to keep airflow constant.)

Insomnia keeps you up all night, whereas you can sleep if you have sleep apnea but you will get up as many as 30 times under an hour. This keeps you from going in a deep slumber. Body needs this deep sleep to restore its energy, muscles and bones.

Sleep disorders can lead to many other seriously problems discussed above, so you should consult a doctor if you suspect any of these symptoms. Sleep well and stay healthy.

How To Stop Overeating

Are you a foodie and struggling to achieve some fitness goals? You love food much that you can’t resist eating it anytime you are offered some? Well, don’t freak out.

How to control diet

Here are some simple tricks that would help you to refrain yourself from overeating;

Think When You Are Full

Unhealthy and junk food tempts you a lot and you can’t hold yourself back from eating it. In order to prevent yourself from overeating this might work for you as a great weight loss tip i.e. whenever you get full but there is still some food left in your plate, think about how you feel. For example, if you feel good and satisfied then don’t eat further but if you still don’t feel satisfied enough then go ahead and finish your food. Avoiding eating any further when you are satisfied would help you in refraining from overeating. This could be a great start to control yourself from eating extra.

Don’t Eat with Distractions

Eating your meal while working on a computer or snacking while watching your favorite TV show are the main reasons of overeating. You might love doing so or you might do this to save time but, eating with distractions is harmful for you. Make sure you pay all your attention to your food only so that you can determine that you are now full rather than not realizing and eating until your work or show isn’t finished.

Pinpoint Your Weakness

Think carefully about the foods that give you a really tough time to resist. For example, if you are habitual of eating a large bag of snacks every night, then avoid keeping a stock of snacks at your home. Keeping your unhealthy temptations out of sight is an effective weight loss tip that can help you in achieving your fitness goals.

Never Skip Your Breakfast

Eating breakfast is extremely important and beneficial for you and skipping it would cause you extreme hunger throughout the day which would disturb your whole eating pattern. Skipping your morning meal makes you eat more even when you are full and causes you to eat more than your regular diet. According to the studies, people who eat their breakfast regularly are likely to be less in weight than those who skip their breakfast.

Eat Slowly

Eating faster is another reason of overeating as your brain takes approximately 20 minutes after you have started eating to know whether or not you are full. Eat slowly to let your brain figure out and prevent yourself from overeating and limiting your diet.

Get Enough Sleep

If you are not getting sufficient sleep then you are likely to gain weight as interrupted or inadequate sleep results in insulin resistance that can lead you to obesity or Type 2 diabetes. In order to stay healthy, it is immensely important for you to take at least eight hours of peaceful and uninterrupted sleep as it reduces your unnecessary cravings and also stabilizes your fat regulating hormones.

Don’t Get Stressed Out Much

Everyone has some kind of stress whether it be any financial issue or a family problem. Stress not only affects you mentally but physically as well. Physically you get high blood pressure, chest pain, headaches and you also overeat. A hormone known as cortisol is released when you are stressed out which is also responsible for increasing your appetite due to which you eat a lot even if you are or not hungry. Controlling your stress levels would contribute a lot in reducing your overeating habit.

Exercise Regularly

Exercising is very important if you want to achieve your fitness goals. Exercise correctly on a regular basis and you would see highly noticeable results within yourself i.e. you would lose your extra weight, your unhealthy habit of overeating would reduce to a great extent. However, walking is one of the best exercises to stay fit but there are some other exercises as well such as; cycling, dancing, jumping, running or any other exercise that makes you sweat and burn your calories would help you in stabilizing your eating habits.

Follow these amazing weight loss tips that also helps you in abstaining from overeating.

How To Know If You Have Drug Allergy

Prevention isn’t cure, but it’s way better than any cure. When it comes to allergies, experts at the allergy clinic states, that when a person is aware of his or her allergies and their respective triggers then avoiding the triggers is the best possible cure.

Having said that, accidents do happen. In case, of an allergic reaction how will you know that your allergy was caused by the drug you used? And how will you seek out the drug that caused this reaction if you use more than one a day?

It doesn’t matter what form your medication is in, be it liquid as in a syrup or pills or capsules, oral or for external use only, it can still affect the body and cause a rash or make the body break into hives. If you take more than one medicine in a day then you might get confused as to which one caused this reaction, if it happens often then its time you take control of your problem and see an allergist at the allergy clinic.

Symptoms and Indications of Drug Allergy

  1. Skin rash or hives (when suddenly you might experience angry welts on your skin, that won’t budge no matter what you do, or tiny liquid filled bumps, that go pale in the center if you put pressure on them, or ooze pale or yellowish puss when punctured. These might be an indication that your body is trying to fight the drug you took earlier.)
  2. Itching (it’s not advised by the allergist at the allergy center to itch or scratch no matter how bad it gets, because itching will only make it worse.)
  3. Winded breath or gasping for breath (as the body gets effected by the pills, the glands at the back of our throat may swell, this can cause difficulty in breathing.)
  4. Swelling (the first thing to swell in case of drug allergy, are the eyes. They get red and puffy.)
  5. Anaphylaxis, a highly probable deadly reaction that can affect two or more organs, at the same time (gasping for breath and breaking in to hives)
  6. Vomiting (body’s way of getting rid of the pills or medication by throwing up all the contents of the stomach.)
  7. Feeling dizzy or light-headed (when the body starts to shut down in reaction to the medication you might feel like fainting, this is potentially dangerous too, this calls for the visit to ER for immediate help and after that to an allergy clinic to understand the treatment and allergy better.)
  8. Irregular heartbeat (it can go either way, fast or slow. And either way it can be dangerous.)

Common Drugs to Watch Out for If You Are Sensitive to Drugs

  • Penicillin and linked antibiotics
  • Antibiotics that may have sulfonamides (sulfa drugs)
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Aspirin, ibuprofen and anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Chemotherapy medication such as paclitaxel, docetaxel, and procarbazine
  • X-rays Dye in some cases.
  • Morphine

Body’s reaction to medication is a complex thing to understand, it’s not necessary that if you got effected by penicillin once, you will always get a reaction after using it. Similarly, it’s not necessary that related drugs will affect you, it’s not even proven that it won’t. That is why it’s advisable to check in with your allergist at the allergy center to be certain, to understand your body’s reactions better and to get a better diagnosis as well.

Just like penicillin, antibiotics that have sulfa medication, like Septra and Bactrim, have been reported to cause allergies in four out of ten patients. Only an allergist, at the allergy clinic, can help you make a proper list of medications and alternates you can take if you are allergic to these very common drugs.

Side Effect and Allergic Reaction

Allergy caused by drugs involves the immune structure of the body and it’s always a negative effect.

A side effect, on the other hand, doesn’t involve the immune system.

Aspirin can make the stomach upset, that’s the side effect, but its importance cancels the side effect as it helps reducing the risk of heart stroke and heart attack.

In any case you should get a proper detailed test at the allergy clinic or allergy center MD.

Tennis elbow symptoms and treatments

According to the best orthopedic doctor –This is a painful condition occurring in the tendons when they are overloaded with repetitive movements of wrist and arm like that of a tennis player.  Even though the name suggests so, athletes are not the only persons who are vulnerable to this disease.

All you need to know about elbow injuries

It is estimated that about 50 % of the tennis player have succumbed to this condition at least once in their entire career. Tennis elbow is a major problem related to human elbow other than elbow injuries.  In most cases ice, rest and rehabilitation exercises will be enough to get immediate relief and escape from the problem. Taking complete rest for a few weeks has been found to be a very effective tennis elbow treatment. Taking medicines like ibuprofen which is anti-inflammatory as well as non-steroidal is also very effective in containing the tennis elbow problem.

People who do repetitive actions as part of their job like plumbers, butchers, carpenters etc are also prone to this disease. Usually pain starts in the bony bump on your elbow where the fore arm muscles are attached to. This pain may spread to wrist and forearm.  Taking rest and using over the counter medications have been found to be very useful in the initial days of tennis elbow problem.   If no relief is obtained from the above mentioned tennis elbow treatment methods and other conventional treatment methods you doctor may suggest a mild surgery.

Symptoms of tennis elbow

The pain caused as a result of tennis elbow radiates from elbow to the forearm and wrist and is not like the pain caused by ordinary elbow injuries. Pain and weakness can be severe that you may find it difficult to shake hands with other persons or to turn the knob of your door. You will not be able to hold a cup of tea also. Discuss your problem with a doctor if your symptoms are not getting relieved even after following the above preventive methods.

Causes of tennis elbow

Overuse of the elbow, muscle strain, injury etc are considered as the normal causes for tennis elbow. The repeated contraction of the forearm muscle is the real cause.  These repeated motions and the consequent stress results in tears in tendons attaching forearm muscles to bony bump outside your elbow.

Risk factors

Age: Most people who are between the age of 35 and fifty are more likely to get affected by this disorder.

Occupation: People engaged in jobs with repetitive hand motions like plumbers, carpenter, butchers, painters etc are the most vulnerable group of people.

Sporting activity: People participating in racket sports are often found to get affected by  this condition. They should seek good tennis elbow treatment Woodbridge, VA .